How To Configure MikroTik Site to Site VPN with L2TP/IPsec.

MikroTik L2TP server is one of the most popular VPN services. It provides a secure and encrypted tunnel across public network for transporting IP traffic using PPP. L2TP/IPsec is more secure than MikroTik PPTP VPN server because it uses IP security protocol suite that authenticates and encrypts the packets of data send over a network. MikroTik L2TP Server can be applied in two methods.
Connecting remote workstation/client: In this method, a L2TP client supported operating system such as Windows can communicate with MikroTik L2TP server through L2TP tunnel whenever required and can access remote private network as if it was directly connected to the remote private network.
Site to Site L2TP: This method is also known as VPN between routers. In this method, a L2TP client supported router always establishes a L2TP tunnel with MikroTik L2TP Server. So, private networks of these routers can communicate to each other as if they were directly connected to the same router.

The goal of this article is to establish a secure and encrypted virtual link between two routers using L2TP Tunnel across public network. So, in this article I will show how to configure L2TP/IPsec VPN Server and Client in MikroTik Router for establishing a site to site VPN tunnel.

In this network diagram above, R1 Router is connected to internet through ether1 interface having IP address 192.168.30.2/30. In your real network this IP address should replace with public IP address. R1 Router’s ether2 interface is connected to local network having IP network 10.10.11.0/24. We will configure L2TP/IPsec server in this router and after L2TP configuration the router will create a virtual interface (L2TP Tunnel) across public network whose IP address will be 172.22.22.1. On the other hand, R2 Router is a remote router and can access R1 Router’s WAN IP. R2 Router’s ether1 interface is connected to internet having IP address 192.168.40.2/30 and ether2 has a local IP network 10.10.12.0/24. We will configure L2TP client in this router and after configuration the router will have a virtual interface (L2TP Tunnel) across public network whose IP address will be 172.22.22.2.

Site to Site L2TP/IPsec Configuration in MikroTik Router

We will now start our Site to Site PPTP configuration in MikroTik Router according to above network diagram. Complete configuration can be divided into two parts.
Part 1: R1 Router Configuration
Part 2: R2 Router Configuration
Part 1: R1 Router Configuration

We will configure L2TP Server in R1 MikroTik RouterOS. Complete RouterOS configuration can be divided into three steps.
MikroTik Router basic configuration
Enabling L2TP Server with IPsec
PPP user configuration for L2TP Server
Step 1: MikroTik Router Basic Configuration



In first step, we will assign WAN, LAN and DNS IP and perform NAT and Route configuration. The following steps will show how to do these topics in your MikroTik RouterOS.
Login to R1 RouterOS using winbox and go to IP > Addresses. In Address List window, click on PLUS SIGN (+). In New Address window, put WAN IP address (192.168.30.2/30) in Address input field and choose WAN interface (ether1) from Interface dropdown menu and click on Apply and OK button. Click on PLUS SIGN again and put LAN IP (10.10.11.1/24) in Address input field and choose LAN interface (ether2) from Interface dropdown menu and click on Apply and OK button.
Go to IP > DNS and put DNS servers IP (8.8.8.8 or 8.8.4.4) in Servers input field and click on Apply and OK button.
Go to IP > Firewall and click on NAT tab and then click on PLUS SIGN (+). Under General tab, choose srcnat from Chain dropdown menu and click on Action tab and then choose masquerade from Action dropdown menu. Click on Apply and OK button.
Go to IP > Routes and click on PLUS SIGN (+). In New Route window, click on Gateway input field and put WAN Gateway address (192.168.30.1) in Gateway input field and click on Apply and OK button.

Basic RouterOS configuration has been completed. Now it is time to enable L2TP Server with IPsec in our MikroTik Router.
Step 2: Enabling PPTP Server with IPsec

We will now enable L2TP Server in our MikroTik Router. The following steps will show how to enable L2TP Server as well as IPsec authentication in MikroTik RouterOS.
Click on PPP menu item from winbox and then click on Interface tab.
Click on L2TP Server button. L2TP Server window will appear.

Click on Enabled checkbox.
Also click on Use IPsec checkbox if available. It will be available in 6.16 or newer version.
Now put IPsec authentication password in IPsec Secret input box. This password has to provide when L2TP/IPsec client router will be configured.
Click on Apply and OK button.

L2TP Server with IPsec is now running in our MikroTik Router. The next step is to configure PPP user who will be authenticated to connect to L2TP Server for establishing a L2TP Tunnel.
Step 2: PPP User Configuration for L2TP Server

We will now create PPP secrets (username and password) that are required to connect to L2TP Server. We will assign local and remote virtual interface IP as well. We will also add a static route in routing table to reach the client router’s private network. The following steps will show how to do these topics in your MikroTik Router.

Click on PPP menu item from winbox and then click on Secrets tab.
Click on PLUS SIGN (+). New PPP Secret window will appear.
Put username (For example: sayeed) in Name input and password in Password input field. This username and password will be required when L2TP client will be configured.
Put virtual interface IP for R1 Router end (172.22.22.1) in Local Address input field and for R2 Router end (172.22.22.2) in Remote Address input field.
Put static routes to reach R2 Router’s local network in Routes input filed. This route will be added in R1 Router’s routing table when L2TP user will be connected from R2 Router. The route format is: dst-address gateway metric (example for this configuration: 10.10.12.0/24 172.22.22.2 1). Several routes may be specified separated with commas.
Click on Apply and OK button.

User configuration for L2TP Server has been completed. Whenever your created user will be connected from L2TP client router (R2 Router), the Remote Address IP will be assigned for its virtual interface and the routes will be created in R1 Router’s routing table so that R1 Router’s local network can reach remote router’s (R2 Router) local network.

R1 Router configuration has been completed. Now R1 Router is ready to create L2TP Tunnel for its L2TP user. In the next part, we will configure our R2 Router so that it can connect to R1 Router through a L2TP Tunnel to reach R1 Router’s local network.

R1 Router configuration has been completed. Now R1 Router is ready to create L2TP Tunnel for its L2TP user. In the next part, we will configure our R2 Router so that it can connect to R1 Router through a L2TP Tunnel to reach R1 Router’s local network.
Part 2: R2 Router Configuration

According to our network diagram, R2 Router is working as a L2TP client router. So, we will configure L2TP client in R2 Router. Complete RouterOS configuration can be divided into three steps.
Basic RouterOS configuration
L2TP client configuration
Static route configuration
Step 1: Basic RouterOS Configuration



Basic RouterOS configuration includes assigning WAN, LAN and DNS IP as well as NAT and Route configuration. The following steps will guide you about basic RouterOS configuration.
Login to R2 RouterOS using winbox and go to IP > Addresses. In Address List window, click on PLUS SIGN (+). In New Address window, put WAN IP address (192.168.40.2/30) in Address input field and choose WAN interface (ether1) from Interface dropdown menu and click on Apply and OK button. Click on PLUS SIGN again and put LAN IP (10.10.12.1/24) in Address input field and choose LAN interface (ether2) from Interface dropdown menu and click on Apply and OK button.
Go to IP > DNS and put DNS servers IP (8.8.8.8 or 8.8.4.4) in Servers input field and click on Apply and OK button.
Go to IP > Firewall and click on NAT tab and then click on PLUS SIGN (+). Under General tab, choose srcnat from Chain dropdown menu and click on Action tab and then choose masquerade from Action dropdown menu. Click on Apply and OK button.
Go to IP > Routes and click on PLUS SIGN (+). In New Route window, click on Gateway input field and put WAN Gateway address (192.168.40.1) in Gateway input field and click on Apply and OK button.

Basic RouterOS configuration in R2 Router has been completed. Now it is time to create L2TP client in our MikroTik Router.
Step 2: L2TP Client Configuration

After completing RouterOS basic configuration, we will now configure L2TP client in R2 Router. The following steps will show you how to create L2TP client in your MikroTik Router.
Click on Interfaces menu item from winbox and then click on Interface tab. Click on PLUS SIGN (+) dropdown menu and then choose L2TP Client option. New Interface window will appear.
Click on General tab and put L2TP interface name (l2tp-server) in Name input field.
Click on Dial Out tab and put R1 Router’s WAN IP (192.168.30.2) in Connect To input field. This IP must be reachable from R2 Router.
Put username (sayeed) and password that you have provided in R1 Router’s PPP user configuration, in User and Password input field respectively.
Click on Use IPsec checkbox and then provide the password that you entered at the time of enabling L2TP/IPsec Server.
Click on Apply and OK button.

As soon as you provide the above information, a L2TP Tunnel will be created between R1 and R2 Router and provided local and remote IP address will be assigned in R1 and R2 Router’s virtual interface respectively. At this stage, R1 Router as well as its local network will be able to reach R2 Router and its local network but R2 Router and its local network will only be able to reach R1 Router but not its local network. To reach R1 Router’s local network, a static route must be added in R2 Router’s routing table.

Step 3: Static route configuration

After configuring L2TP Client in R2 Router, R2 Router can only access R1 Router but not its local network. To solve this issue, a route is required in R2 Router’s routing table. The following steps will show how to add a route in R2 Router’s routing table statically.
Go to IP > Routes and then click on PLUS SIGN (+).
In New Route window, provide R1 Router’s local network (10.10.11.0/24) where you want to reach, in Dst. Address input field.
Click on Gateway input field and then choose your L2TP client interface (l2tp-server) that you have create in L2TP client configuration, from Gateway dropdown menu.
Click on Apply and OK button.

Now R2 Router and its local network will be able to access R1 Router’s local network.

R1 Router and R2 Router Configuration for establishing a PPTP Tunnel between them has been completed. Now both router’s local networks are eligible to access each other. To check your configuration, do a ping request from any local network machine to other local network machine. If everything is OK, your ping request will be success.

MikroTik VPN configuration with Site to Site L2TP/IPsec Service has been explained in this tutorial. I hope you will be able to configure your Site to Site VPN with MikroTik L2TP service if you follow the explanation carefully. However, if you face any confusion to do above steps properly, feel free to discuss in comment.

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